Fleas are external parasites that live off the blood of their hosts. Fleas are not only a nuisance to both humans and animals, but can be involved in the transmission of infectious diseases. Their bites can cause irritation or an allergic reaction, which can be severe for some people. Like many pests they are most active in the warmer seasons and in humid conditions.
A professional flea control treatment by Termitrust is your best choice to reduce the presence of fleas in your home and save you the hassle. We are trained in flea biology, breeding habits and the latest methods of keeping them at bay.
Most importantly, we know fleas in your local area. We have pest technicians on the ground in the following key locations and other surrounding regions:
QLD - Brisbane, Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast, Logan, Caboolture, Ipswich, Toowoomba, Cairns & Rockhampton
NSW - Sydney, Central Coast, Newcastle, Hunter, Port Macquarie, Coffs Harbour, Dubbo, Tamworth & Canberra (ACT)
VIC - Melbourne
WA - Perth, Joondalup, Mandurah, Bunbury, Busselton & South West
SA - Adelaide
For a no pressure quote and free advice please call us, fill out the Make an Enquiry form or contact your local Termitrust Service Centre.
Fleas are reddish-brown to black in colour and vary from 1-4mm in size. Their strong hind legs allow them to jump from host to host at distances of up to 200 times their body length. They have very tough bodies which protect them from easily being squashed.
There are 3 main types of flea:
Adult human fleas have a curved head and are wingless and flattened laterally. 1.5-4mm in size and dark brown in colour, they can live for up to one year. Human fleas have the ability to survive on many hosts including mammals and birds, but are most commonly found on pigs. Their preferred food however is human blood. Their saliva can cause an allergic reaction, or transmit many diseases.
Distinguished by a sloping forehead and spines that project backwards all over their body, cat fleas are about 1-3mm long and reddish-brown to black in colour. They have piercing/sucking mouthparts and long, powerful legs. Adult fleas can live for up to one year and are mainly found on the domestic cat, but also on dogs. Humans can be bitten but not infested. Their eggs are most commonly laid in carpet or soft furniture. Similarly to the dog flea whilst a female needs a blood meal before she can reproduce, they can survive months without feeding.
Reddish brown in colour and about 2mm in length, dog fleas have tube-like mouthparts with a rounded head. The have a flattened, hard body covered with hair and spines and long hind legs. Dog fleas live amongst the fur of dogs and can only survive if they remain on the host animal. They feed on the blood of their host, but can survive for months without a meal. The female however requires a meal before she can produce eggs.
The cat flea is by far the most common species in Australia, and ironically is the most likely to be responsible for infecting both dogs and humans.
A female flea will lay eggs on a host which then hatch into larvae and move away into carpets, cracks in floorboards or soil. The larvae feed on organic matter and then spin a silk cocoon and enter the pupal stage. If conditions are not favourable larvae can live for 200 days while pupae can lay dormant for up to a year. This explains sudden infestations in areas that have been empty for a period before being re-occupied. Vibrations from a potential food source is a trigger for the fleas to hatch.
Effectively treating flea infestations requires a dual approach. Following a thorough inspection of the affected area and extent of the problem, we use an approved dusting and/or spray treatment both internally and externally. The treatment has residual benefits and will continue to remain effective over time.
Secondly and no less important, are a series of strict housekeeping and pet grooming practices which should be adopted to reduce further infestations. Termitrust provides professional advice on these practices as part of our overall flea control services.